Changzhou Giant Bearing Co., Ltd

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

TIMKEN Bearings

TIMKEN Bearing The company was founded by Henry Timken in St. Louis, Missouri in 1899 and incorporated as The Timken Roller Bearing Axle Company. A year earlier, in 1898, Timken got a patent for the tapered roller bearing for which the company would become known. At the time, Timken was a carriage-maker in St. Louis and held three patents for carriage springs. However, it was his patent for tapered roller bearings that allowed his company to become successful.Tapered roller bearings were a breakthrough at the end of the 19th century because bearings used in wheel axles had not changed much since ancient times. They relied on bearings enclosed in a case that held lubricants. These were called "friction bearings" and depended on lubricants to function. Without proper lubrication, these bearings would fail due to excessive heat caused by friction. Timken was able to significantly reduce the friction on his bearings by using a "cup" and "cone" design incorporating tapered bearings which actually rolled,
which reduced the load placed on the bearings by distributing the weight and load evenly across the cups, cones, and bearings.The company moved to Canton in 1901 as the automobile industry began to overtake the carriage industry. Timken chose this location because of its proximity to the American car manufacturing centers of Detroit, Michigan and Cleveland, Ohio, and because it was close to the American steel-making centers of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Cleveland.Ray Harroun, winner of the first Indianapolis 500, rode into victory lanes with Timken Bearings for his axles.[2]In 1916, the company began its steel and pipe making operations in Canton to vertically integrate and have total control over the steel used in its bearings. World War I created an increase in demand for steel, affecting its supply and price in the market.[3] Poor quality steel from suppliers was another important issue, so the company felt the need to make its own steel to ensure the quality of its bearing products. By the late 1990s, the steel-making operations were selling 80% of its output to outside customers, and the operations accounted for one-third of the company's total sales.In 2005, Timken Company was among 53 entities that contributed the maximum of $250,000 to the second inauguration of President George W. Bush.